Rubber manufacturing is a constituent part of rubber technology that focuses on transforming elastomers also called rubbers. The transformation turns rubber into important products that include rubber mats, automobile tires, as well as exercise rubber stretching bands. Different materials such as natural rubber, latex, and synthetic rubber as well as different polymeric materials are used in manufacturing. Polymeric materials include thermoplastic elastomers. Rubber manufacturing has many features of processing rubber using many techniques.
The methodologies include are elements of a range of items. Vulcanization defines the process of manufacturing rubber. Vulcanization is all-round. The process starts with heating using a small amount of sulphur. An equivalent cross-linking heating agent can also be used during vulcanization. It stabilizes polymer chains through a range of temperature.
Charles Goodyear discovered the process of vulcanization in the 19th century. Vulcanization uses a restricted method to polymer chains. The chains have a double bond in its backbone. Double bond materials are polybutadiene and natural rubber. They come in various forms. Elastomeric state of materials during rubber manufacturing is unstable as the chains can slip over each other.
The material experiences in increase in stress relaxation or creep when loaded. It happens when the product is under static state. Most applications require strengthening during practical applications. Listed techniques are mastication and other operations. Operations are extrusion, calendaring and mixing. The processes are significant to turning rubber into a stable and suitable position. It gives to the product of rubber manufacturing.
Mastication breaks down polymer chains and reduces the molecular mass to lower viscosity. Lower levels of viscosity help in further processing. It helps in cross-linking. Industrial mixers are sold in various forms. It is effective in various forms.
The first step in rubber manufacturing is compounding the material with additives. Listed additives are accelerators, carbon black and sulphur. The mixture turns the material into a ‘compound’ that looks like dough. From the onset, rubber manufacturing uses natural rubber. It has polymers within organic compound isoprene.
Leading rubber producers in the world include Indonesia and Malaysia. Types of polyisoprene used during rubber manufacturing are collectively referred to as elastomers. Rubber for manufacturing is harvested in form of latex. In its features, latex is milky colloid whose off-the-mark applies in making incisions in the bark, it is sticky and features that help when collecting the fluid in channels. Rubber manufacturing starts with refining of latex into rubber. Most processes allow latex to coagulate into the collecting jar.
Rubber manufacturing uses different varieties. Varieties include dandelion, Congo Rubber and Hevea brasilensis among others. It is trusted for being waterproof. Hevea brasilensis represents the biggest source of natural latex. The tree is a member of the spurge family.
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